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  • 北京XX公司特种油缸OEM项目采购风险研究

    发布时间:2019-09-29 来源:www.boshuolunwen123.com  作者:博硕论文辅导网

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    北京XX公司特种油缸OEM项目采购风险研究

     

        

     

    经济的飞速发展带动了制造业的日新月异,市场经济的环境下各类企业的竞争已经从产量和生产效率的竞争转变成了核心技术的竞争,为了平衡核心技术的投资推动与生产制造的巨额花费,越来越多的企业选择将非核心技术的生产制造环节的业务外包给第三方代工企业,即所谓的OEM项目采购。这种合作方式能够让企业将更多的人力资源和财力资源投入到产品的研发和更新换代中去,有利于提高企业的核心竞争力水平。但是这种OEM形式的合作也会存在一定的风险性,本文以北京XX公司的特种油缸OEM项目采购作为实例,首先分析了国内外学者关于OEM项目采购风险的相关理论研究成果,介绍了项目采购风险相关的理论知识;然后文章运用SWOT分析法详述了企业进行OEM合作的优势、劣势、机会和威胁。在劣势和威胁中提炼出了OEM项目采购存在的风险因素。结合前面的分析,文章第四章采用层次分析法将项目的风险因子分为2层,第一层包括8项风险因子,第二层对第一层的风险因子进行细化成20项风险因子,并采用专家打分的形式构造判断矩阵对层次分析法进行解算,最终得到每项细化的风险因子关于项目整体风险的权重。最后提出风险控制应该从两个方面进行,即OEM合作企业的选择和针对排名前十风险因子进行对应的政策措施建议。

     

    关键词:  业务外包;SWOT分析法;层次分析法;风险控制

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    ABSTRACT

    The rapid economic development has led to the rapid development of science and technology. Under the circumstance of market economy, the competition of all kinds of enterprises has changed from the competition of production and production efficiency to the competition of core technology. In order to balance the investment of core technology and the huge cost of manufacturing, More and more enterprises choose to non-core technology of the manufacturing sector of the business outsourcing to third-party foundry business, the so-called OEM project procurement. This cooperation allows enterprises to more human resources and financial resources into product development and upgrading, to help improve the core competitiveness of enterprises. However, there are some risks in OEM cooperation. In this paper, the procurement of special cylinder OEM project of Beijing XX Company is taken as an example. Firstly, the domestic and foreign scholars' theoretical research results on OEM project procurement risk are analyzed. Risk-related theoretical knowledge, and then use the SWOT analysis of the details of the advantages and disadvantages of the OEM cooperation, opportunities and threats. In the inferiority and threat to extract the OEM project procurement risk factors. In the fourth chapter, the risk factors of the project are divided into two layers by using AHP. The first layer includes eight risk factors, the second layer is the risk factor of the first layer, and the risk factors are refined into 20 risk factors. Form the judgment matrix to solve the analytic hierarchy process, and finally get the weight of each detailed risk factor on the overall risk of the project. Finally, risk control should be carried out from two aspects, namely, the choice of OEM cooperative enterprises and the top ten risk factors for the corresponding policy recommendations.

     

    Key words: business outsourcing; SWOT analysis; analytic hierarchy process; risk control

     

     

     

     

    目录

     

    1 绪论 7

    1.1 研究背景 7

    1.2 研究目的和意义 8

    1.2.1 研究目的 8

    1.2.2 研究意义 8

    1.3 国内外研究现状 8

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